When the body is impacted by a sharp object, the sharp object will cut a scar on the skin and subcutaneous soft tissue, forming a laceration. Cuts can be divided into clean cut and contaminated cuts.
Types of Cuts
A clean cut
occurs on a relatively clean cut object, such as an unsheathed blade, leaving a clean wound on the skin. Such wounds can be cleaned with simple sterile water, and sometimes a doctor needs to suture them. The subsequent healing is often faster, with fewer complications, and the results after healing are also satisfactory. For more research click here.
are wounded by unclean sharps, such as saw blades in the workshop or raw skin, and the resulting wounds often contain fine debris, some of which are even embedded due to the impact of external force. Therefore, for such cut, adequate disinfection and cleaning should be carried out. Sometimes in the process of debridement, it is inevitable to sacrifice a small part of the skin and flesh tissue to keep the wound clean. These wounds require a dose of antibiotics for added protection, the wound will heal more slowly, and the result may not be as good as a clean cut. At the same time, patients are more likely to have wound infection complications.
How to treat cuts
The first aid measure for cut is to stop the bleeding immediately. You can directly press the wound with a clean gauze or other cloth to help stop the bleeding. If the cut is on the hands or feet, try raising it above the heart to help stop the bleeding. In addition, pressing hard on the proximal aorta can temporarily stop continued bleeding. For more health tips visit our site ArticlesHubs.
The next step after stopping the bleeding is to clean the wound with an antiseptic solution. Simple and practical are saline, and iodine-containing disinfectants are often used. Inadequately cleaned wounds bury the root of infection, which may lead to wound infection in the future, which will seriously affect the healing of the wound.
If the cut is on an inconsequential part of the body, the wound is superficial but the skin on both sides is close, the doctor may decide that no stitches are needed, only gauze or special physiological adhesive tape is applied, or it can be closed. to good healing consequences. For deep and widely separated wounds, the doctor will surgically close the wound under anesthesia.
Most people with cut require a tetanus shot unless the patient has been immunized within the past few years. In the case of contaminated wounds, tetanus immune globulin may even be injected for enhanced protection.
This article is reviewed by the consultant doctor of this site. May you can see about Common Musculoskeletal Problems – Dislocations .